Employees’ poverty: Poland in comparison to other EU countries – Problemy Polityki Społecznej

The article attempts to show the problem of the differentiation of the risk of poverty among people working in the European labour market. Based on Eurostat research (the EU-SILC survey), the text presents the dynamics of changes in the phenomenon of in-work poverty in individual EU countries in 2006–2019. A particularly significant increase in this unfavourable phenomenon in 2006–2019 was observed in Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary, Malta and the Netherlands. A clear decrease of the share of people at risk of poverty among the employed was recorded in Finland, Serbia, Poland, Latvia and Ireland. The analysis of the regression models allows us to predict that in Poland, in the coming years, impoverishment of working people will decrease. The article presents the factors that have a key impact on the problem of impoverishment of the economically active. The analysis of the empirical material showed that the factors significantly influencing the level of pauperisation of working people are low level of education, flexible work, part-time work, young age, low work experience and living in multiperson households.